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History of Siliguri

History of Siliguri Siliguri also spelled as Shiliguri is a Tier-II city and the second largest city in West Bengal.  Siliguri is also popularly known as Chicken neck of India because of its narrow stretch of land which is 20 to 22 km. This narrow stretch of land connects with the eight states of northeast India to the rest of India because of this reason Siliguri has significant importance and is also considered as vulnerable at the same time. Siliguri shares its borders with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. There are many theories about the history of Siliguri and the derivation of its name and meaning among which the popular theory comes from the local Lepcha tribe. According to them the name comes from “sali” which means “bow” in their local language. There is another theory about the meaning of the name which is from British writer E C Dozey, in his book A Concise History of the Darjeeling District (1917), according to his book Siliguri derives its name from the stone which once lay in myriads on the bed of the Mahananda River, which flows to the north of the town. From breaking down the name we can arrive at the meaning of the name which is ‘sil’ means stones and ‘guri’ means places.

Shiliguri at first was a dense forest, home to leopards and elephants mainly and with a rich variety of floras and faunas. It was in the 16th century when the land fell under the rule of the Kamata Kingdom (Cooch Behar). It was in the reign of a prince named Siswa Singha who defeated the kings of Bhutan and gaur and established its capital here “Baikunthapur”. In the reign of Siswa Singha, Siliguri was no more a dense forest but rather it has become an expanding urban center. Followed in the 18th century, Siliguri which was a small agricultural village under the rule of the Kingdom of Sikkim was captured by the Kingdom of Nepal. After the land was captured by the Kingdom of Nepal, Kirati and Nepali Lepchas came to settle in this region. But the destiny of Siliguri was changed after intervention of the British East India Company as they captured the area of Darjeeling and the entire region of Dooars with the purpose of tea plantations and exporting its production to England. With the intervention of the British people it has brought to an agreement between British India and Nepal known as the Treaty of Suguali which defined the boundaries between British India and Nepal. Followed by the Treaty of Suguali, according to the treaty Siliguri came under the control of British People which has become an integral transit part between Calcutta and Sikkim.

 Later the British people introduced Siliguri Town railway station and Toy Train from station to Darjeeling  which is their till date for the easy exportation. With the introduction of the Toy Train it changed everything. Siliguri was no more as it used to be.  Introduction of the Toy train brought another benefit to the British person which was that the toy train now has become the medium for the British officials to escape the scorching heat of Bengal and just like that it flourished like it was never before and the Siliguri was no more just a agricultural land. After that the new concept of “Azad Bharat” which was a new idea that was growing in PAN India, Siliguri was not left out. On 6th July 1919, the first hartal or strike was observed in Siliguri. The credit was given to Siumangal Singh, a Bihari gentleman who enthusiastically encouraged the idea of the congress among the people. Another remarkable year was when Gandhiji came to visit in 1925. Many leaders came to visit under British Rule like Bagha Jatin, Swami Vivekananda, Sister Nibedita, and Subhas Chandra Bose. After the Independence of India and the partition from then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), the only region from where the North-East part can be connected was through the corridor of Siliguri making Siliguri one of the most important parts for India. Now, Siliguri is popularly known for its three ‘T’ which is Tea, Timber and Tourism. Siliguri is one of the fastest growing cities in the region of Bengal and Eastern part of India.  

History of Siliguri

Famous places in siliguri

ISKCON Siliguri
Hong Kong Market
Salugara Monastery
Bengal Safari
Kanchenjunga Stadium
Inox Vega Circle
Savin Kingdom
Sed Gyued Monastery
North Bengal Science Centre
Coronation Bridge
Dudhia
City Centre Mall
Ritam Music
Institution Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary
Sepoy Dhura
Tea Garden
Lokenath Baba Mandir
Baba Loknath Temple
Dreamland Amusement Park
Motorcycle Rental in Siliguri Chilapata Forest

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